Describe and evaluate two or more theories of the formation of romantic relationships

Securely attached individuals usually use their partners for emotion regulation so they prefer to have their partners in close proximity. A criticism of research on similarity is that it has only dealt with similarities of personality and attitudes.

Hines studied female babies born to mothers who had been given injections of male hormones during pregnancy to prevent miscarriage.

Adult attachment models represent an internal set of expectations and preferences regarding relationship intimacy that guide behavior. The formation of a relationship is more likely to occur between two people with similar personality traits. Internet dating sites have benefitted greatly since the surge in easiness and accessibility of picture and video uploading.

Plus, marriages that began online were less likely to end in separation or divorce. Dating sites "are a place where sexual minorities, inter-sexed people and gay people are enjoying a newly found freedom". Saul McLeodpublished People often get confused between the terms sex and gender. Outline and evaluate the learning theory of attachment 12 marks outline The learning theory of attachment focuses of two concepts; operant and classical conditioning.

The internet allows for interaction of many different people so there is greater chance of finding someone more attractive. If the presence of an individual leads to a positive outcome, they will be perceived as more attractive.

These similarities can include beliefs, rules, interests, culture, education, etc.

Interpersonal relationship

Minding relationships[ edit ] The mindfulness theory of relationships shows how closeness in relationships may be enhanced. People are more likely to become friends with people who are geographically close. Biderman argued that the idea for Ashleymadison.

The study of socionic type allocation in casually selected married couples confirmed the main rules of the theory of intertype relations in socionics. Biological theories of gender. More and more online users are starting to explore and experiment with aspects of their sexual identities, whereas before, they may have felt uncomfortable due to social constraints or fear of possible repercussions.

Although, if one partner perceives themselves as putting in less than the other, the relationship will still be judged fair if they get less out of the relationship. The need for intimacy, compatibility and such filtering agents as common background and goals will influence whether or not interaction continues.

For example, in the lab hormones are injected in one single high dose. Also to Freud he very much was of the view that our personalities and behaviour traits were determined by a young age, and not much of that was focused on the social aspects of our lives.

Socially, it has stimulated positive change in people's lives by creating new forms of online interaction and enhancing offline relationships worldwide, allowing for better and more efficient.

He was very much of the opinion that each individual is constantly learning, finding out new ways to understand the world around them and there selves.

Other studies have found that relationships in which partners responded to "good news" communication enthusiastically were associated with higher relationship well-being. When asked about likelihood of dating the stranger, a correlation was found between this and attitude similarity. Researchers have found that people in many different cultures place a high value on mutual attraction between partners and the kindness, intelligence, emotional stability, dependability, and good health of partners.

Research evidence, such as that of Harlow's monkey study, opposes the idea of learning theory as an explanation of attachment.

This explains why men and women differ psychologically: More than helping to improve the social capitalthe use of a social networking service could help to retain it.

Socionics allocates 16 types of the relations — from most attractive and comfortable up to disputed. Over time, therapy aims to turn these interpersonal strategies into more positive ones, which include complaint, appreciation, acceptance of responsibility, and self-soothing.

Sex refers to biological differences between males and females. A study conducted by Main and Weston concluded that infants behave differently depending on which parent they are with.

A study by Cantor, J. In addition to physical differences, there are differences in cognitive skills and behavior compared with typical chromosome patterns.

Critical Evaluation Deterministic approach which implies that men and women have little choice or control over their behaviors: Asked to attribute behaviours to group. Another important factor in the initiation of new relationships is similarity.

- The Formation of Relationships Attraction can be defined as an individual's tendency to evaluate someone in a positive way. Attraction is a multifactorial emotion. That is, several factors have an influence on interpersonal attraction. The learning theory of attachment focuses of two concepts; operant and classical conditioning.

Classical conditioning as an explanation for attachment describes the baby receiving food (and unconditioned stimulus) and producing an unconditioned response (happiness) and the mother feeding the baby will be the neutral stimulus.

Li Chun Ho IB Psychology Higher Evaluate social identity theory, making reference to relevant studies. cultures, low ecological validity.

IB Psychology/Syllabus

It also raises possibility of misidentifying with an in-group that may lead to a low self-esteem. Jan – Describe and evaluate two or more theories of the formation of romantic relationships (9 + 16 marks) June – Discuss the influence of childhood and/or adolescent experiences on adult relationships (9 + 16 marks).

Describe and evaluate two or more theories of the formation of romantic relationships (8+16) One theory put forward for the formation of romantic relationships was by Murstein – called the Matching Hypothesis.

Question: Outline and evaluate two theories of the formation of relationships. Answer: One theory put forward by Byrne and Clore to explain the formation Read more of the answer →.

Describe and evaluate two or more theories of the formation of romantic relationships
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Formation of romantic relationships - Revision Notes in A Level and IB Psychology